Rodents are a world wide pest, spreading disease and causing structural damage. The Norway Rat is most commonly found in Europe & Asia. A less commonly found species is the Black Rat and is largely restricted to port areas.
Description: Fur colour is brown/black on upper head & body, grey or off white underneath. Excellent sense of hearing, taste and smell. They have poor eyesight and are colour blind. Life span is approx. 9/18 months and they are sexually mature at the age of 2/3 months. They have up to 7 litters a year, with each producing between 8/10 offspring.
How to control rodents: Rodenticides (poisoning not advised in domestic premises), foam based products, traps, perimeter bait stations, glue boards. One off jobs or regular service treatments.
INTEGRATED Public Health provides a Rodent Prevention service in Jordan. We have over 20 years of experience and we can help you with your rodent problem, whether you have an issue in your home or in your business.
Cockroaches are common in commercial premises associated with the production of food. They are nocturnal and spend the day hiding in cracks and crevices. They can carry diseases such as dysentery, gastroenteritis, typhoid and poliomyelitis.
Description: Generally two pairs of wings, although these may be small or even absent, fore wings have well developed veins and tend to be hardened, hind wings are folded below fore wings. The antennae have many segments and their mouth parts are adapted for biting. They are usually brown in colour although the shade will vary from a dark to light depending on the species of cockroach.
How to control cockroaches: Insect monitors, regular treatments of insecticidal spray and baits can be used but hygiene management also plays a big part.
An active insect, it nests outside in grass, walls and under paving. It forages widely for food, which is how it comes to enter domestic premises. They prefer sweet foods and may cause damage to food for human consumption.
Description: Elbowed antennae and biting mouth parts. If present, two pairs of membranous wings, fore and hind wings hooked together. Abdomen is constricted at the base giving an appearance of a waist which bears characteristic nodes or scales. Workers are 3 to 5mm long, queens 15mm long.
How to control ants: Although hard to destroy the nests must be eradicated if infestations are to be controlled. Insecticide treatments and baits can be applied around and in the nest.
Bed Bug Control
Description: Adult bedbugs are 4-5 mm in length, wingless and uniformly mahogany in colour. They have well developed walking legs with efficient tarsal claws for clinging onto the host during feeding.
Female bedbugs lay eggs throughout their life. They generally produce around 2 to 3 per day and since they can live for many weeks, indeed months, each female could produce 400-500 eggs during their lifetime. Eggs are deposited all around the environment in which they live and are small and white or whitish/yellow about 1 mm long.
The close association of bedbugs with human beings means that they can cause substantial nuisance through their blood feeding habit. They feed at night on the human hosts as they sleep.
If the infestation is high there can be a risk of anaemia being suffered by the human hosts, although this is rare. The nuisance and itching caused by the bites and the possibility of secondary infection is more common. Cats, chickens and other domesticated animals may also be attacked.
How to control bedbugs: A thorough inspection should be made to determine the extent and source of the infestation. All harbourages should be treated with a residual insecticide. A very thorough treatment is needed as harbourages are diverse and difficult to detect.
Description: Blow flies are primarily scavengers, depositing their eggs on fish, meat, decaying matter of animal origin and in the wounds of animals and man. In the absence of more favourable sites, they will lay their eggs on animal faeces and decaying vegetable matter.
The female usually lays around 600 eggs being 1.0-1.5 mm long and creamy white in colour. The eggs hatch within 18-48 hours. The egg period varies according to the age of the egg when laid and on temperature and humidity. However, when gravid females can not find suitable laying sites, they retain eggs for as long as possible. In such circumstances, eggs hatch in a very short time.
How to control Blow Flies: Treatment consists of finding the source of the infestation and where possible, removing it. The application of residual insecticide may also be introduced, however attention to hygiene is the key to controlling this pest.
Clothes Moths Control
Description: The adult moth has a body length of between 6-8mm and a wing span of 9-16mm. The upper side of the fore wings is buff, nearly golden in colour. Both pairs of wings have fringed margins.
Adults are rarely seen in flight, mostly only the males, and the emales after they have deposited their eggs. The larva is yellowish white in colour with a brown head and measures around 10 mm in length when fully mature.
The adult female lays eggs, between 50 and 100, amongst the material upon which the larva will feed. The larva emerges from the egg and proceeds to feed. Whilst feeding the larva of the clothes moth frequently constructs a loose silken “shelter” which has attached to it many particles of debris and faecal pellets etc. Once mature the larva pupates.
How to control Clothes Moth: Treatment consists of tracing the source of infestation, removing and destroying any infested food stuffs and if possible followed by applying a residual insecticide to infested areas.
Stray Animals Control